These paintings are mostly oil and graphite on paper and occasionally incorporate inks of various kinds. I use a variety of abrasive techniques to achieve an etching-like quality to the surface that I then work over with thin glazes of oil paint. The markings are meant to suggest energy paths created during a form of meditation in martial arts called "suburi" that uses precisely executed movements of a sword through space to cleanse and sharpen the mind. Please click on images to enlarge.